APA, ASA, Chicago, & MLA Formats


MLA Style is a citation and style guide set forth by the Modern Language Association of America. It is mostly used in writing for the liberal arts and humanities.

For more information on MLA Style, including information on in-text citations and Works Cited formatting, consult the Purdue Owl's section on MLA Style.


These sample papers show a variety of MLA formatting elements, including in-text citations and Works Cited pages.

APA Style is from the American Psychology Association and is utilized mostly by the Social Sciences.

We have a sample paper with directions on how to format correctly. Access this paper (written by the Department Chair of McKendree's Nursing Department) by clicking on this link:
Sample Paper.

Additional basics of APA are covered in the vidcast available at
YouTube<APA Basics from the OWL at Purdue University. A vidcast of how to assemble the Reference Page is also available. Nursing students might also appreciate this YouTube instructional video: http://youtu.be/fajfSCQnruk.

The APA sponsors an excellent website:
www.apastyle.org which offers a great deal of information for students and instructors.

Access a
PowerPoint tutorial about APA style from the Purdue OWL.

Access our own Quick guide to common APA sources from the most updated and current 6th edition, 2nd printing.


ASA Style is a citation style set forth by the American Sociological Association. It is used primarily for sociological research papers.

For an in-depth look at ASA see the Purdue OWL page on ASA.


Chicago Style is a style laid down by The Chicago Manual of Style.

Here are some helpful video tutorials that emphasize the most recent updates.

A Chicago Style quick guide.

A sample paper using Chicago Style.

For more information on Chicago Style, consult the Purdue OWL section.