Introduction

Model United Nations is a simulation of the United Nations that helps educate students about diplomacy, global policy, and public speaking. Students take on the role as diplomats and represent nations from across the world and participate in simulated sessions within certain United Nations committees. This activity involves research into international issues, debate, and communication skills and can greatly enhance a students understanding of international relations and global affairs. Here is a general breakdown of the United Nations and the types of committees that delegates often simulate and discuss.

The United Nations

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The United Nations is an international organization that creates a forum for all nations to come together to work on global issues and problems such as international security, economic development, human rights, and the creation of international law.  The United Nations was founded in 1954 and now has over 192 member states. Below are some UN organizations that a student is most likely to participate in.


•   The General Assembly (the main deliberative assembly)


o   The First Committee: Disarmament and International Security

o   The Second Committee: Economics and Finance

o   The Third Committee: Social, Humanitarian and Cultural

o   The Fourth Committee: Special Political

o   The Sixth Committee: Legal


•   The Security Council (international peace and security)

•   The Economic and Social Council (promotes international economic and social cooperation and development)

•   The Secretariat (provides studies, information, and facilities needed by the UN)

•   The International Court of Justice (the primary judicial organ)


Additional Bodies:


•   World Health Organization (WHO)

•   United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)